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J. Conserv. Sci > Volume 29(3); 2013 > Article
Journal of Conservation Science 2013;29(3):209-221.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12654/JCS.2013.29.3.02    Published online September 30, 2013.
부여 동남리 백제유적 출토 토층의 물리화학적 성질과 제작특성
김애라, 이찬희, 김란희, 복문강
Construction Characteristics and Physicochemical Properties of Soil Layers from Baekje Dongnamri Site in Buyeo, Korea
Ae Ra Kim, Chan Hee Lee, Ran Hee Kim, Mun Kang Bok
초 록
이 연구에서는 부여 동남리 유적에서 발굴된 백제시대 개량 토층의 제작특성과 원료의 산지를 해석하였다. 토층은 크게 현대층, 백제층 및 하부층으로 구분되며, 백제시대에 조성된 토층은 일정한 시간적 단절에 따라 제1백제층과 제2백제층으로 구분된다. 토층은 하부로 내려갈수록 점차 색상이 어두워지며 광물의 함량이 높아지는 양상을 보였지만 층위별로 큰 차이는 없었다. 또한 층위에 관계없이 광물학적 및 지구화학적 특성이 상당히 유사하게 나타났다. 이는 동일한 기반암에서 풍화된 토양을 이용하여 축조하였음을 의미하며 유적 일대의 토양과도 유사한 경향성을 확인하였다. 그러나 입도분석 결과로 볼 때 제1, 2백제층은 세부적으로 모래의 함량이 높은 토양과 미사의 함량이 높은 토양을 반복 성토하여 토층을 조성한 것으로 나타났다.
중심어: 토층, 제작특성, 원료산지, 반복 성토
ABSTRACT
This study is to interpret the construction characteristics and the provenance of soil layers from the Dongnamri site in Baekje Kingdom of Buyeo, Korea. The soil layers is divided into present age layer, Baekje layer and lower part layer, and the soils formed in the Baekje Kingdom period is divided into the Baekje 1st layer and the Baekje 2nd layer according to temporal intervals. The soil layers gradually becomes darker in color and higher in mineral content towards the lower part layer. However, the particular distinction between layers of the soils could not be identified. Additionally, the soil layers show a similar characteristics of mineralogy and geochemical evolution regardless of the layers. This indicates that the sites were made with weathered soil from an identical bed rock, and the site show a similarity to the surrounding soil, indicating its possibility of being the original materials. However, through the analysis of particle size, the first and second Baekje layers occurred that these layers were formed by setting up the soil with high content of sand on the bottom and stacking the soil with high content of silt on top of it.
Key Words: Soil layers, Construction characteristics, Provenance, Staking the soil


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