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Journal of the Korean society of Conservation Science for Cultural Heritage 1997;6(1):3-14.
Published online September 27, 1997.
공주 학봉리 분청에 대한 성분과 미세구조의 분석
이영은, 고경신
Compositional and Microstructural Study of Punchong from Hakbongni, Kongju
Y oung Eun Lee, Kyongshin Koh
초 록
15세기 말과 16세기 초에 철화분청을 생산했던 곳으로 잘 알려진 공주 학봉리에서 수습된 12 도편의 분청사기를 과학적으로 분석하였다. 태토와 유약의 성분은 각각 X선 형광분석기와 전자현미분석장치로 분석하였고, 미세구조분석은 광학현미경, 편광현미경, 전자현미분석장치, 그리고 X선회절분석기를 이용하였다. 태토와 유약의 성분은 학봉리에서 지리적으로 가까운 곳에 위치한 보령 용수리분청과 비교하여 통계분석을 하였으며, SPSS프로그램을 사용하였다 태토는 보령 송수리 분청에 비해 실리카와 용융제는 높게 나타났으나, 알루미나는 낮은 수치를 보였고, 유약은 실리카, 소다. 철산화물은 높은 반면, 알루미나와 칼슘산화물의 양은 낮게 나타났다. 학봉리 분청 자체도 두 그룹으로 나뉘었다. 유약은 라임계열이었으며, 태토내에는 석영, 둘레가 일부 녹은 큰 장석덩어리, 사장석, 흑운모와 철산화물과 같은 결정들이 많이 남아있음을 관찰할 수 있었다. 이러한 미세구조로 보아 원료의 수비상태가 좋지 않았고, 번조온도도 비교적 낮았음을 예측할 수 있다. 철화안료의 원료는 성분과 X선 회절분석에 의해 Mg/Fe/Al 스피넬로 확인되었다.
ABSTRACT
Twelve Punchong sherds collected in Hakbongni, Kongju where the well known iron-painted on white slip were manufactured from late 15C to early 16C were analyzed for their composition and microstructure. The composition of the body was analyzed by X-ray fluorescence and that of glaze by electron probe micro-analyzer. Microstructure was observed by optical microscope, polarizing microscope, EPMA, and X-ray diffractometer. The results of composition of body and glaze of Hakbongni were compared with those of Punchong from Yongsuri, Boryong which was close to Hakbongni. The composition of body and glaze of these two areas were compared by principal component analysis using SPSS program. Hakbongni bodies have higher silica and flux materials but lower alumina and their glaze have higher silica, soda, iron oxide but lower alumina, calcia. Hakbongni punchong itself is divided into two groups. Their glaze is lime type. There are many remnant minerals, such as quartz, large feldspar mass with partially melted surrounding area, albite, biotite, and iron-oxide. From such a microstructure we can assume that preparation of raw material was rather crude and firing temperature quite low. Iron-painted material is identified as Mg/Fe/Al spinel by composition analysis and XRD pattern.


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