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J. Conserv. Sci > Volume 30(1); 2014 > Article
Journal of Conservation Science 2014;30(1):55-65.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12654/JCS.2014.30.1.06    Published online March 31, 2014.
완주 위봉사보광명전 백의관음벽화의 재료학적 특성 연구
김용선, 이상진, 최인숙, 진병혁, 이화수
Study on the Material Characteristic of Baekeuikwaneum (the White-Robed Buddhist Goddess of Mercy) Wall-Painting of Bogwangmyungjun in Wibongsa, Wanju
Young Sun Kim, Sang Jin Lee, In Sook Choi, Byung Hyuk Jin, Hwa Soo Lee
초 록
이 연구는 위봉사보광명전 백의관음벽화의 보존처리에 앞서 진행되어진 과학적 조사에 관한 결과물로써, 벽체의 입도분포 및 미세구조와 화학성분 그리고 광물 결정상을 분석하였으며, 안료 및 접착매질을 분석하였다. 또한 비파괴진 단 방법인 초음파 탐사를 통해 벽화내부에 대한 안정성을 파악하였다. 분석 결과 벽체에 사용된 광물입자들은 중립질 이상의 모래와 세립질 이하 풍화토의 혼합물인 것으로 판단되며, 채색에 사용된 안료는 바탕층은 황토, 백색안료는 호분, 적색계열의 안료는 석간주를 사용하였고 녹색계열은 석록이 사용되었던 것으로 추정된다. 향후 벽화 보존처리에 있어 이와 같은 과학적 분석을 통한 보존처리를 실시한다면, 처리 시 안정성을 높이고 벽화의 보존관리를 위한 기초자료 로 활용될 수 있을 것이다.
중심어: 위봉사, 벽화, 벽체, 채색층, 분석
On this studyed, the Wibongsa BoGwangMyungJun BaekEuiKwanEum wall-painting was conservation of Scientific research ahead. This study carried out Grain size analysis, SEM-EDS, XRD, P-XRF, FT-IR and ultrasonic exploration for wall-painting. As a result, walls layer used to mineral particles size was mixing the medium-texture and fine texture. painting layers pigments used to base paintings was ocher, white pigments was hobun, red pigments was suckganju, green pigments was suckruk. Also BackuiKannon wall-painting walls damage reason of that was long-term physical shocks. painting layers damage was include detachment or powders. it is affected by temperature and humidity. Therefore in the future conservation of wall-paintings through scientific analysis based on such data, conservation processing is performed through the preservation and enhance the stability of the paintings as a basis for the conservation of management can be utilized.
Key Words: Wibongsa, wall-painting, walls layers, painting layers, analyzing

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