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J. Conserv. Sci > Volume 38(3); 2022 > Article
Journal of Conservation Science 2022;38(3):192-200.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12654/JCS.2022.38.3.02    Published online June 22, 2022.
금산 백령산성 출토 목곽고에 대한 수종분석 및 연대분석
박창현1, 이광희2, 김수철3
1국립해양문화재연구소 유물과학팀
2한국전통문화대학교 목제문화재연구소
3한국전통문화대학교 기술과학대학 문화재보존과학과
Speicies Identification and Dating for Wooden Warehouse Excavated at Baengnyeongsanseong in Geumsan, Korea
Chang Hyun Park1, Kwang Hee Lee2, Soo Chul Kim3
1Conservation & Collection Management Division, National Research Institute of Maritime Cultural Hertage, Mokpo 58699, Korea
2Research Institute of Wooden Cultural Heritage, Korea National University of Cultural Heritage, Buyeo 33115, Korea
3Department of Conservation Science, Korea National University of Cultural Heritage, Buyeo 33115, Korea
Correspondence:  Soo Chul Kim, Tel: +82-10-5048-1592, 
Email: kim6768@hanmail.net
Received: 13 April 2022   • Revised: 27 April 2022   • Accepted: 2 May 2022
초 록
금산 백령산성에서 출토된 목곽고의 부재에 대해 수종 및 연륜연대와 방사성탄소연대 분석을 진행하여 재질과 목곽고의 제작시기를 조사하고자 하였다. 금산 백령산성 목곽고 부재(83점)의 수종은 굴피나무 38점, 상수리나무류 34점, 졸참나무류 8점, 소나무류 2점, 음나무 1점으로 확인되었다. 상수리나무 시료 5점에 대하여 TSAP 프로그램으로 크로스데이팅하여 연륜 연대분석 결과, 1개의 상수리나무 연대기(GSQU 1S)가 작성되었다. 정확한 연대를 확인하고자 연륜이 많은 시료(GSQU 05)를 대상으로 위글매치를 이용한 방사성탄소연대분석을 진행하였다. 방사성탄소연대분석 결과, 동쪽 지지목(GSQU 05)의 최외곽연륜은 A.D. 575-655년과 A.D. 665-685년으로 판단되었다. 방사성탄소연대분석을 통한 목곽고 부재의 연대는 고고학적으로 추정된 연대와 일치하였다.
중심어: 금산 백령산성, 목곽고, 연륜연대, 방사성탄소연대, 참나무
ABSTRACT
This study aimed for species identification and tree-ring dating and radiocarbon dating of wooden warehous materials excavated from Baengnyeongsanseong in Geumsan. The species of 83 wooden materials were identified as 38 Platycarya spp., 34 Cerris Section, 8 Prinus section, 2 Hard pine, and 1 Kalopanax pictus. After cross-dating of 5 Cerris Section samples with the TSAP program, one Cerris Section chronology (GSQU 1S) was constructed. To identify the exact date, one material which show many tree-ring (GSQU 05) was analyzed by radiocarbon dating using wiggle match. As a result of radiocarbon dating, the outermost edge of east beam (GSQU 05) was found to be A.D. 575-655 or A.D. 665-685. The radiocarbon dating of wooden warehouse material was consistent with the archaeologically estimated date.
Key Words: Geumsan Baengnyeongsanseong, Wooden warehouse, Tree-ring dating, Radiocarbon dating, Oak tree


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