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Instructions to authors

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  • Instructions to authors


  • Enacted December 1, 1992
  • Last revised July 1, 2019

Table of Contents


Journal of Conservation Science (JCS) is a representative journal of the Korean Society of Conservation Science for Cultural Heritage, established in 1992 to introduce domestic and foreign researches with conservation, restoration and fabrication techniques of cultural heritage.

This journal was registered with the National Research Foundation of Korea on January of 2010. Until now, it has been published the six journals per a year since 2017.

JCS is aimed to conduct scientific investigation on the materials of cultural heritage and specialized studies with technologies to conserve and restore it and also to provide an international forum for scientists, engineers, conservator, and restorers from widely different scientific backgrounds. JCS publishes the convergence research articles in a field of both humanities with archaeology, art history and historiography, and natural science as a physics, chemistry, biology, mineralogy and metallurgy. Also, this publishes the articles on a wide range of cultural heritage from conservation and restoration techniques to digital restoration to reproduce the disappearing traditional technology and materials.


2.1. Copyrights

Copyrights of all published materials are owned by the Korean Society of Conservation Science for Cultural Heritage. All authors must sign the Transfer of Copyright Agreement when they submit their manuscript. Copyright transfer form should be submitted electronically through JCS electronic submission system which can be accessed at http://submission.conservation.or.kr/.

Materials appearing in the Journal are covered by copyright. The authors are responsible for obtaining permission from the copyright holder to reprint in JCS any previously published material.

2.2. License

JCS is an Open Access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Author(s) do not need to be permitted for use of tables or figures published in JCS in other journals, books, or media for scholarly and educational purposes. This is in accordance with the Budapest Open Access Initiative definition of open access.

2.3. Data sharing

JCS encourages data sharing wherever possible, unless this is prevented by ethical, privacy, or confidentiality matters. Authors wishing to do so may deposit their data in a publicly accessible repository and include a link to the DOI within the text of the manuscript.

2.4. Archiving policy

JCS provides the electronic backup and preservation of access to the journal content in the event the journal is no longer published by archiving in National Library of Korea (https://www.nl.go.kr/). According to the deposit policy (self-archiving policy) of Sherpa/Romeo (http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/), authors cannot archive pre-print (i.e., pre-refereeing), but they can archive post-print (i.e., final draft post-refereeing). Authors can archive publisher’s version/PDF.


3.1. Authorship

Authorship credit should be based on 1) substantial contributions to conception and design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; 3) final approval of the version to be published; and 4) agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved. Authors should meet these four conditions. After the initial submission of a manuscript, any changes whatsoever in authorship (adding author(s), deleting author(s), or re-arranging the order of authors) must be explained by a letter to the editor from the authors concerned. This letter must be signed by all authors on the paper. Copyright assignment must be completed by every author.

  • • Corresponding author and first author: JCS does not allow multiple corresponding authors for one article. Only one author should correspond with the editorial office and readers for one article. JCS accepts notice of equal contribution for the first author when the study was clearly performed by co-first authors.
  • • Correction of authorship after publication: JCS does not correct authorship after publication unless any mistake has been made by the editorial staff. Authorship may be changed before publication but after submission when an authorship correction is requested by all authors involved.

3.2. Originality and duplicate publication

Submitted manuscripts must not have been previously published or be under consideration for publication elsewhere. No part of the accepted manuscript should be duplicated in any other scientific journal without the permission of the Editorial Board. If duplicate publication related to the papers of this journal is detected, the manuscripts may be rejected, the authors will be announced in the journal, and their institutes will be informed. There will also be penalties for the authors.

A letter of permission is required for any and all material that has been published previously. It is the responsibility of the author to request permission from the publisher for any material that is being reproduced. This requirement applies to text, figures, and tables.

3.3. Conflict of interest statement

The corresponding author must inform the editor of any potential conflicts of interest that could influence the authors’ interpretation of the data. Examples of potential conflicts of interest are financial support from or connections to companies, political pressure from interest groups, and academically related issues. In particular, all sources of funding applicable to the study should be explicitly stated.

3.4. Process to manage the research and publication misconduct

When the Journal faces suspected cases of research and publication misconduct such as redundant (duplicate) publication, plagiarism, fraudulent or fabricated data, changes in authorship, undisclosed conflict of interest, ethical problem with a submitted manuscript, a reviewer who has appropriated an author’s idea or data, complaints against editors, and etc., the resolving process will be followed by flowchart provided by the Committee on Publication Ethics (http://publicationethics.org/resources/flowcharts). The discussion and decision on the suspected cases are done by Editorial Board.

3.5. Editorial responsibilities

Editorial board will continuously work for monitoring/safeguarding publication ethics: guidelines for retracting articles; maintenance of the integrity of the academic record; preclusion of business needs from compromising intellectual and ethical standard; publishing corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies when needed; no plagiarism, no fraudulent data. Editors are always keeping following responsibilities: responsibility and authority to rejected/accept article; no conflict of interest respect to articles they reject/accept; acceptance of a paper when reasonably certain; promoting publication of correction or retraction when errors are found; preservation of anonymity of reviewers.


4.1. Submission

All manuscripts should be submitted via e-submission system available from: http://www.e-jcs.org/. If any authors have difficulty in submitting via e-submission system, please send a manuscript to journal.conservation@gmail.com by the corresponding author. With the submitted manuscript authors should provide the names, addresses, and e-mail addresses of at least four suggested reviewers. Submission of a paper implies that it has not been published previously, that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, and that if accepted it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other languages, without the written consent of the editorial committee.

4.2 Peer review process

JCS reviews all manuscripts received. A manuscript is first reviewed for its format and adherence to the aims and scope of the journal. If the manuscript meets these two criteria, it is checked for plagiarism or duplicate publication with Similarity Check. After confirming its result, it is peer-reviewed by at least 3 anonymous reviewers selected by the editor and associate editors. Letters to the Editor are reviewed and published on the decision of the editor. The authors’ names and affiliations are removed during peer review (double-blind peer review). The acceptance criteria for all papers are based on the quality and originality of the research and its scientific significance. Acceptance of the manuscript is decided based on the critiques and recommended decision of the reviewers. An initial decision will normally be made within 3 weeks of receipt of a manuscript, and the reviewers’ comments are sent to the corresponding author by e-mail. The corresponding author must indicate the alterations that have been made in response to the reviewers’ comments item by item. Failure to resubmit the revised manuscripts within eight weeks is regarded as withdrawal from the publication by author(s). If further revision period is required, author should contact editorial office.

The corresponding author is notified as soon as possible of the editor’s decision to accept, reject, or request revision of manuscripts. When the final revised manuscript is completely acceptable according to the JCS format and criteria, it is scheduled for publication in the next available issue. Rejected papers will not be peer-reviewed again.


5.1. Language

Manuscripts should be submitted in Korean or English. Regardless of the language of the body of the text, the following should be prepared in English: title page, abstract, tables, figures, and references.

5.2. General requirements

  • • The main document with manuscript text and tables should be prepared with an MS-word or Hangul (HWP).
  • • The manuscript should be double spaced on 21.6 × 27.9 cm (letter size) or 21.0 × 29.7 cm (A4) paper with 3.0 cm margins at the top, bottom, and left margin.
  • • A font size of 11 point is required and ‘Batang’ or ‘Times New Roman’ font are preferred.
  • • All manuscript pages are to be numbered at the bottom consecutively, beginning with the abstract as page 1. Neither the author's names nor their affiliations should appear on the manuscript pages.
  • • Authors should express all measurements in conventional units, with International System (SI) units.
  • • Use only standard abbreviations; Do not use of nonstandard abbreviations can be confusing to readers. Avoid abbreviations in the title of the manuscript. Abbreviations should be spelled out when first used in the text—for example, relative humidity (RH)—and the use of abbreviations should be kept to a minimum.
  • • The names and locations (city, state, and country only) of manufacturers should be given.

5.3. Publication types

Manuscript preparation is different according to its publication types.

  • • Research articles: as academically excellent and applicative articles on conservation techniques and material properties of the cultural heritage, the total articles are limited to 15,000 characters in case of Korean language except for title, affiliation, abstract and reference. And the numbers of tables and figures are not exceeded over 10 each.
  • • Technical articles: as the described articles of conservation treatment and its technology of cultural heritage, the total articles are limited to 15,000 characters in case of Korean language except for title, affiliation, abstract and reference. And the numbers of tables and figures are not exceeded over 10 each.
  • • Research notes: as the research notes with new discovery, experimental method or conservation treatment on cultural heritage, the total notes are limited to 5,000 characters in case of Korean language except for title, affiliation, abstract and reference. And the numbers of tables and figures are not exceeded over 3 each.
  • • Reviews: as recent research trends or philosophy reviews on conservation science of the cultural heritage, the total articles are limited to 20,000 characters in case of Korean language except for title, affiliation, abstract and reference. And the numbers of tables and figures are not exceeded over 3 each.

5.4. Text

The standard order of a text is as follows: title page, page of abstract and keywords, main text, acknowledgments, references, appendices, tables, and figure captions. All of the references, tables, and figures should be referred to in the text. Do not import the figures into the main text.

5.4.1. Title page

A title page should contain the title of a manuscript, the name(s) of the author(s), their full postal address(es), e-mail address(es), and a short running title of less than 50 characters including spaces. The corresponding author should be identified with an asterisk and a footnote. An e-mail address, a phone number, and a fax number of the corresponding author should be included in the footnote. All other footnotes should be identified with superscript Arabic numbers.

5.4.2. Abstract and keywords

A Korean abstract should be provided with all types of papers and of not more than 500 characters and English abstract is limited to less than 250 words. It must be intelligible without reference to the paper; it should be a condensation of the essential information in the paper and not be a recital of the subjects covered. Authors are requested to supply up to six keywords that can be used for indexing/abstracting purposes.

5.4.3. Headings

To improve the readability of papers, authors may use up to four levels of headings as illustrated below:

      3.1. Damage assessment
                3.1.1. Physical weathering
                          Cracks and fissures

5.4.4. Geographic names

The Romanization of Korean geographic names is highly recommended to follow those suggested by the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism. It is available on the website (http://www.hangul.or.kr/M4-4.htm).

5.5. References

All publications cited in the main text, tables, and figures should be presented in a list of references (references section) following the main text of the manuscript. Please make sure that the references are accurate. Unpublished information, including papers in preparation or submitted but not yet accepted, should be omitted from the list.

5.5.1. In text

To cite references in the main text, refer to the author’s surname (without initials) and the year of publication—e.g., “Since Lee (2001) has shown that...” or “This is in the agreement with results obtained later (Kim, 2006)”. For three or more authors, use the first author followed by “et al.” in the main text—e.g., “Kim et al. (1958) proved that...” or (Lee et al., 1998).

5.5.2. Reference list

The list of references should be arranged alphabetically by authors’ surnames. Use lower-case letters to distinguish references that would have identical citations: for example, Smith (1993a), or Smith (1993a, 1993b), or (Smith 1993a, 1993b). The manuscript should be carefully checked to ensure that the spelling of authors’ names and dates are exactly the same in the main text as in the reference list. The names of journal, book, abstract, publishing company, university, etc. should be written in full name instead of abbreviation. The journal’s format for the references is as follows.

  • • Journal article
    Chung, K.Y., Kang, H.T., Koh, M.J. and Kim, H.J., 2011, Chemical compositions of glass beads from Tombs of Bupwha-ri Site, Yeongdong. Journal of Conservation Science, 27, 243-250.
  • • Book
    Pollard, A.M. and Heron, C., 1996, Archaeological chemistry. The Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, 62.
  • • Book article
    Snethlage, R. and Sterflinger, K., 2011, Stone conservation. In: Siegesmund, S. and Snethlage, R. (eds.), Stone in Architecture. Springer, Berlin, 411-544.
  • • Translated book
    Lee, G.G., 2008, Ojuseojongbagmulgobyeon (Choi, J., trans.). Hakyounmunhwasa Publishing Co., Seoul. (Original work published in 1834)
  • • Conference paper
    Kim, J., Lee, C.H. and Kim, R.H., 2011, Characterization of white and black crust on the surface of stone cultural property in Korea. 5th Congress of the International Union of Microbeam Analysis Societies (IUMAS-V), Seoul, May 22-27, 142.
  • • Thesis
    Lee, M.S., 2007, Assessment of conservation scientific deterioration and material characteristics for rock properties of the stone pagodas in the Bulguksa Temple and Gameunsaji Temple site, Gyeongju, Korea. Ph.D. thesis, Kongju National University, Gongju, 52.
  • • Report
    National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage, 2011, Comprehensive academic research on the royal tombs of the Joseon dynasty. 84-171.
  • • Website
    Cultural Heritage Administration, 2017, Detail description of Wongaksa temple. http://www.cha.go.kr/4 (July 1, 2018)

5.6. Tables

Tables should begin on a separate page and be numbered consecutively. They should be referred in the main text and prepared in a HWP or MS-Word file. The table titles should end without periods, be brief, be typed with sentence-style capitalization directly at the top of their respective tables. Tables must be double spaced. Long tables and other types of data containing information of limited interest will not normally be published. Footnotes to tables should be typed lower left of the table and should be referred to by superscript lowercase letters. Footnotes end with periods. Tables should not duplicate results presented elsewhere in the manuscript (e.g., in graphs) and authors are supposed to indicate clearly in the main text where each table should be positioned.

5.7. Figures

5.7.1. Figure captions

Figure captions should be prepared for each figure and every caption should end with period.

5.7.2. Figures

Illustrations such as photographs, charts, and diagrams are all to be referred to as figure(s). JPG, TIF, EPS, AI, and GIF formats are acceptable. They should be numbered consecutively in the order to which they are referred in the main text. All illustrations should be clearly marked with Arabic numerals in order of reference in the main text. Each figure must be provided with self-explanatory caption that is collectively placed on the figure captions page at the end of the text. Separate parts of a single figure should be labelled (A), (B), (C), etc. and referred to as A, B, C, etc. in the text and captions (e.g., Figure 3A). Also, separate parts of a single figure should be compiled into one figure (i.e., one JPG or one TIF file). Authors are supposed to indicate clearly in the main text where each figure should be positioned.

  • • Drawings
    All letterings, lines, and points on figures should be sufficiently large and bold to permit reproduction when the figures have been reduced to a size suitable for inclusion in an article. On a figure, the ‘Arial’ font for letters and numbers is required and they should be greater than 2.0 mm after reduction. Lines should thicker than 0.2 mm. Dye-line prints or photocopies are not suitable for reproduction.
  • • Maps
    All maps should include a metric bar scale and a north arrow.
  • • Photographs
    Original photographs must be supplied as they are to be reproduced (e.g., black and white or color). If necessary, a scale should be marked on the photographs. Please note that photocopies of photographs are not acceptable.
  • • Color illustrations
    Color illustrations can be accepted; however, authors will be expected to make a contribution towards the extra printing cost about KRW 100,000 (US$100) for each printed page. If, together with your accepted article, you submit usable color figures and then Journal of Conservation Science will ensure, at no additional charge, these figures will appear in color on the web regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in color in the printed version. For color reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from the journal after receipt of your accepted article.


6.1. Final version

After the paper has been accepted for publication, the author(s) should submit the final version of the manuscript. The names and affiliations of the authors should be double-checked and if the originally submitted image files were of poor resolution, higher resolution image files should be submitted at this time. Send the electronic original with appropriate labeling and arrows. Symbols (e.g., circles, triangles, squares), letters (e.g., words, abbreviations), and numbers should be large enough to be legible on reduction to the journal’s column widths. All symbols must be defined in the figure caption. If the symbols are too complex to appear in the caption, they should appear on the illustration itself, within the area of the graph or diagram, not to the side. If references, tables, or figures are moved, added, or deleted during the revision process, renumber them to reflect such changes so that all tables, references and figures are cited in numeric order.

6.2. Galley proof

The author(s) will receive the final version of the manuscript as a PDF file. The PDF-proofs will be sent by e-mail to the first author and should be returned within 2-3 days of receipt, unless a preference for paper proofs is expressed. Corrections should be restricted to typesetting errors; any others may be charged to the author. Any queries should be answered in full. Please note that authors are urged to check their proofs carefully before return, since the inclusion of late corrections cannot be guaranteed. The journal will do everything possible to get your article corrected and published as quickly and accurately as possible. Therefore, it is important to ensure that all of your corrections are sent back to us in one communication, by the first author. Subsequent corrections will not be possible, so please ensure your first sending is complete.


Article processing charges are required for publication. An invoice for article processing charge will be sent to the first author before publication.

  • • Basic: ₩200,000 (US$200) per article.
  • • Extra charge:
    - Research articles supported by research fund: ₩200,000 (US$200) per article.
    - Over 10 printed pages: ₩30,000 (US$30) per page.
    - Color figure: ₩100,000 (US$100) per page

7.1. Off prints

Offprints and copies of the issue can be ordered using the order form sent to the first author before the proofreading for the print version is completed.

Contact Us

Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Yong Jae Chung
Department of Heritage Conservation & Restoration, Graduate School of Cultural Heritage, Korea National University of Cultural Heritage, Buyeo 33115, Republic of Korea
E-mail: iamchung@nuch.ac.kr
Tel: +82-41-830-7365

Editorial Office: Associate editor Seong Eun Kim
Department of Heritage Conservation & Restoration, Graduate School of Cultural Heritage, Korea National University of Cultural Heritage, Buyeo 33115, Republic of Korea
E-mail: journal.conservation@gmail.com
Tel: +82-41-830-7367

Editorial Office
Department of Heritage Conservation & Restoration, Graduate School of Cultural Heritage, Korea National University of Cultural Heritage
367, Baekjemun-ro, Gyuam-myeon, Buyeo-gun, Chungcheongnam-do 33115, Republic of Korea
Tel: +82-41-830-7365        E-mail: journal.conservation@gmail.com                

Copyright © 2019 by The Korean Society of Conservation Science for Cultural Heritage. All rights reserved.

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