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Journal of Conservation Science 2011;27(2):155-162.
Published online June 30, 2011.
보존환경에 의한 피혁유물의 손상 연구 : 자외선과 수분에 의한 영향을 중심으로
강대일, 박혜진
Study on Degradation of Leather Objects by Conservation Environment: Focus on the Effect by Ultraviolet Light (UV) and Moisture
Dai Ill Kang, Hae Jin Park
초 록
피혁유물은 온·습도, 빛, 충·균 등 다양한 환경요인에 의해 복합적으로 손상된다. 본 연구 결과, 피혁은 원피의 종류에 따라 화학적 조성에 차이가 있어 같은 환경에서도 손상정도가 다르다는 것이 확인되었다. 자외선 열화에 따른 전체적인 색차 및 광택도 변화 및 변색은 우피, 양피, 돈피의 순으로 심하게 관찰되었다. 또한, 피혁은 단기간에는 습도에 관하여 안정적인 결과를 나타났으나 고습의 환경이 지속된다면 곰팡이나 미생물이 발생되기 쉬우므로 주의해야 한다. 본 연구는 피혁유물을 이해하고, 보존환경기준을 제시하여 향후 피혁유물의 보존관리 방안을 수립하는 데에 있다.
중심어: 피혁, 열화, 보존환경, 관리
ABSTRACT
In case of leather objects, degradation usually occurs by a combination of factors such as temperature and relative humidity, light and insect and fungi. Because chemical composition differs on the types of leather materials, leather objects affect differently even in the same environment. According to UV degradation, the overall color and gloss difference appeared severe in turn of the cowskin, sheepskin and pigskin specimens. In addition, despite short-term period of RH degradation, leather materials showed stable result on high RH circumstances. Nevertheless, if the leather sustained for a long time on the high RH, the environment can be the cause of mold or microorganisms. This study is to understand the leather objects and the future conservation and then to establish the conservational management of leather object for the future.
Key Words: Leather objects, Degradation, Conservational environment, Management
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