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J. Conserv. Sci > Volume 35(6); 2019 > Article
Journal of Conservation Science 2019;35(6):689-700.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12654/JCS.2019.35.6.12    Published online December 31, 2019.
과학적 분석에 의한 은해사 괘불탱의 상태 및 재료 해석
이은우1, 경유진2, 윤지현1, 권윤미1, 송정원3, 서민석1, 이장존1
1국립문화재연구소 보존과학연구실
Scientific Study of Characteristics and Material Properties of Hanging Painting of Eunhaesa Temple
Eun Woo Lee1, Yu Jin Gyeong2, Ji Hyun Yoon1, Yoon Mi Kwon1, Jeong Won Song3, Min Seok Seo1, Jang Jon Lee1
1Conservation Science Division, National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage, Daejeon 34122, Korea
2Buddhist Cultural Properties Research Institute, Seoul 04174, Korea
3Cultural Heritage Conservation Science Center, National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage, Daejeon 34122, Korea
Correspondence:  Jang Jon Lee, Tel: +82-042-860-9266, 
Email: Jang824@korea.k
Received: 1 November 2019   • Revised: 27 November 2019   • Accepted: 28 November 2019
초 록
본 연구는 은해사에 소장되어 있는 보물 제1270호 은해사 괘불탱에 대한 과학적 조사와 분석을 실시하여 보존 상태, 재질 및 채색 안료 등에 대한 성격과 특징을 해석하고자 하였다. 대상의 미술사적 배경을 짚어보고 보존적 측면의 상태조사 및 안료 색상별 재료적 특성을 알기 위한 분석을 실시하였다. 그 결과 연백, 연단, 활석, 진사, 석황, 금, 녹염동광, 공작석, 회청 등의 무기안료와 먹 등의 유기염료를 사용하여 다채로운 색을 구현한 것으로 확인되었다. 바탕화면은 조선시대 불화의 재료로 흔치 않은 초(綃)를 사용한 것으로 확인되었다. 또한 백색 채색층은 여러 종류의 백색계열의 안료를 사용한 형태로 이는 괘불탱 백색 채색으로는 드문 사례라 할 수 있다.
중심어: 괘불탱, 무기안료, 유기안료, 분석
This study aimed to analyze the nature and characteristics of the preserved state, materials, and colored pigments of a Buddhist painting of Eunhaesa temple(gwaebultaeng), which is Treasure No. 1270 of Korea, through scientific investigation and analysis. Based on the historical background of the subject, the study investigated the aspects of conservation and analyzed the material characteristics of each pigment in the painting. Results indicate that various colors were created using inorganic pigments such as white lead, minium, cinnabar, orpiment, gold, atacamite, malachite, and smalt and using organic pigments such as black and indigo. The Eunhaesa painting used “cho” as a material for wallpaper, which was unusual during the Joseon period. In addition, a white layer was formed using various white pigments, which was also rare during this period.
Key Words: Gwaebultaeng, Inorganic pigment, Organic pigment, Analysis

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