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J. Conserv. Sci > Volume 38(3); 2022 > Article
Journal of Conservation Science 2022;38(3):243-253.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12654/JCS.2022.38.3.06    Published online June 22, 2022.
청송심씨 묘에서 출토된 금직물의 비파괴 과학적 분석
이황조1, 위광철2
1한서대학교 박물관
2한서대학교 문화재보존학과
Non-Destructive Scientific Analysis of the Gold Fabric Excavated of Cheongsong Shim’s Grave
Hwang-Jo Lee1, Koang-Chul Wi2
1Hanseo University Museum, Hanseo University, Seonsan 31962, Korea
2Department of Cultural Heritage Conservation, Hanseo University, Seonsan 31962, Korea
Correspondence:  Koang-Chul Wi, Tel: +82-41-660-1043, 
Email: kcwi@hanseo.ac.kr
Received: 21 May 2022   • Revised: 8 June 2022   • Accepted: 9 June 2022
초 록
본 연구에서는 청송심씨묘 출토 금직물 유물 2점(부금 원삼, 직금 치마)에 대한 비파괴 분석방법을 이용하여 유물 상태, 섬유 재질, 표면 오구(汚垢), 금속사에 대한 재료적 특성을 파악하였다. 출토 당시 유물의 상태는 모두 갈변되어 본래의 색상을 확인할 수 없으며, 섬유 재질은 SEM과 FT-IR의 Amide Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳ 피크와 정색 반응 결과들로 누에고치로부터 얻은 견 섬유임을 확인할 수 있었다. 표면 오염물인 흰색 오구와 검정색 오구는 FT-IR, XRF 분석결과 시신의 부패와 미생물 분해로 나타난 지방질, 단백질 등의 가수분해 물질임을 확인할 수 있었다. 금속사의 금박층을 XRF로 분석한 결과 금(Au)으로 확인되었으며, 금속사 배지에 대한 FT-IR, 정색 반응 결과 배지의 접착제 성분은 Amide Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ와 3000 cm-1 전⋅후의 Amide A, B의 결과로 동물성 교(膠)로 확인되었고, 배지는 정색 반응 결과 국내에서 생산된 닥나무 인피 섬유인 한지로 확인할 수 있었다.
중심어: 출토 금직물, 비파괴 분석, 한지, 닥나무, 정색 반응, 오구
ABSTRACT
Using non-destructive analytical methods, we identified the material characteristics of two gold fabric artifacts excavated from the Cheongsong Sim clan (Bugeum Wonsam, Jikgeum Chima), including the artifact condition, fiber type, surface contamination, and metallic threads. We found that the artifacts were buried and had turned brown; thus, we were unable to determine their original color. The fiber type was determined to be silk from cocoons, based on scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) analyses of Amide I, II, III, and IV peaks, and color reactions Further, the FT-IR and X-ray fluorescence (XRF) analyses identified the white and black stains as natural resin hydrolyzed substances, such as lipids and proteins, that occurred as microbial decomposition due to body decay. Finally, the XRF analyses identified the thin gold layer of the metallic yarn as gold (Au). According to the FT-IR data and the color reaction to the metallic yarn medium, the adhesive component of the medium was a product of-Amides I, II, III, and 3000 cm-1 within Amides A and B (an animal type), respectively. Thus, the medium was identified as Hanji (Korean paper), which is made from domestically produced Broussonetia kazinoki fibers.
Key Words: Excavated gold fabric, Nondestructive analysis, Hanji, Broussonetia kazinoki, Stain test, Contaminant


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