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Journal of Conservation Science 2011;27(1):1-11.
Published online March 20, 2011.
강화도 능내리출토 은제유물의 과학적 분석 및 재현실험을 통한 제작기법 연구
유동완, 김수기
A Study of the Manufacturing Technique by Scientific Analysis and Reproduction Experiment of Ancient Silver Objects from Neungnae-ri, Ganghwa Island
Dong-wan Ryu, Soo-ki Kim
초 록
강화도 능내리에서 출토된 고려시대 은제유물을 대상으로 성분조성과 경도, 조직특성을 연구하고 출토된 은제유물과 비슷한 성분비로 시편을 제작하여 가공방법과 온도에 따라 변하는 미세조직의 변화를 관찰하였다. 그 결과 능내리출토 은제유물의 소지는 Cu가 2~6% 함유된 Ag-Cu 합금으로, Cu는 적절한 경도유지 등 특정 목정을 위하여 인위적으로 합금한 것으로 판단되며, 금으로 이루어진 도금층에서는 Hg가 약 11%의 함량으로 검출되어 아말감법으로 도금한 것으로 판단된다. 또한 일부 은제유물의 표면에서 확인되는 다공질 층은 실험시편 제작을 통한 확인결과 400℃이상의 열이 가해질 때 생성되는 것으로, 능내리출토 은제유물들은 400℃이상의 온도에서 열간가공하거나 열처리를 실시한 것으로 추정된다. 한편, 고부조로 타출된 은제유물 1점은 다른 은제유물과 비슷한 성분조성에도 불구하고 매우 낮은 경도를 보였는데, 이는 타출기법과 관계가 있는 것으로 추정된다.
중심어: 은제유물, 제작기법, 가공방법, Ag-Cu 합금, 수은아말감법
ABSTRACT
For the silver artifacts in the Koryo Dynasty excavated from Neungnae-ri Ganghwa island, the metallographic section analysis and hardness and chemical analysis were conducted. After making samples in the similar ratio of the composition concentration, the changes of the microstructure were checked according to the working method and temperature. The results show that those silver artifacts are Au-Cu alloys with 2 to 6 % of Cu. From the results it is judged that Cu was artificially alloyed with them to keep the proper hardness and identified that they were gilded by the amalgamation process seeing that mercury was included at the guilt layer. Also the porous texture on the surface of them could be formed at over 400℃, therefore, it is assumed the hot working or heat treatment at over 400℃ were performed. In silver artifacts made by the relief and repousse, they have the similar composition analysis to other 7 artifacts but the hardness is lower than pure silver. Consequently from differences in the hardness, it can be inferred that the low hardness of silver artifacts is concerned with manufacturing techniques.
Key Words: Silver objects, Manufacturing technique, Working method, Ag-Cu alloy, Amalgam process


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