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J. Conserv. Sci > Volume 30(3); 2014 > Article
Journal of Conservation Science 2014;30(3):263-275.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12654/JCS.2014.30.3.02    Published online September 30, 2014.
천마총 출토 철부(鐵釜)의 제작기법 및 보존처리
이승렬, 신용비, 정원섭
Study on the Manufacturing techniques & Conservation of Iron Pot from Cheonmachong Ancient Tomb
Seung Ryul Lee, Yong bi Shin, Won Seob Jung
초 록
천마총(황남동 제 155호 고분)에서 출토된 철부(鐵釜)의 제작기법 및 보존처리에 대하여 연구하고자 하였다. 철부의 제작기법을 조사하기 위하여 유물 중 일부를 채취하여 마운팅 후 연마하고, etching을 실시하여 금속조직을 관찰하였고, 비금속개재물부분은 SEM-EDS로 분석을 실시하였다. 금속학적 조직검사와 SEM-EDS분석 결과 철 솥은 백주철 조직이 관찰되었고, 주조 후 상온에서 서서히 건조시킨 것으로 보이며, 취성을 개선하기 위해 별다른 열처리를 시도한 흔적은 보이지 않는다. 몸통 중심부의 폭3cm 두께 1.5cm 전(錪)이 확인됨에 따라서 가로식 거푸집을 활용한 이분제작기법을 사용하여 주조한 것으로 추정된다. 이처럼 백주철 조직과 가로식 거푸집을 활용한 제작기법은 비슷한 시기인 식리총과 황남대총에서 출토 된 철 솥에서도 나타나는 것으로, 당시 주조품의 생산기술이 동일하였음을 알 수 있었다. 보존처리는 크게 처리전조사, 이물질제거, 탈염처리, 강화처리, 접합 · 복원, 색맞춤의 순서로 진행하였으며, 처리과정 중 필요에 따라 세척 및 건조를 실시하였다. 강화처리는 유물의 크기로 인하여 진공함침에 어려움이 있었으므 로, 저농도의 Paraloid NAD-10을 2-3차례 붓으로 도포하였고, 보존처리가 완료된 후 15wt.% Paraloid NAD-10용액으로 표면을 재강화하였다. 파손부위의 복원은 섬유강화플라스틱 수지(POLYCOAT FH-245,몰드 적층용)를 사용하여 파손 부위와 유사한 형태의 모형을 만든 후 접합하여 복원하였다. 이번 연구를 통하여 철제유물의 보존처리뿐만 아니라 5-6세 기 주조 철솥의 제작기법에 대한 자료를 축적함으로 향후 보다 나은 연구를 위한 발판으로 활용되었으면 한다 .
중심어: 천마총, 철부, 철부, 철솥, 철정, 보존처리, 금속조직
It's shown how to proceed the study on Manufacturing techniques & Conservation to the Iron Pot from Cheonmachong Ancient Tomb(the 155th Tomb in Hwangnam-dong). In order to investigate manufacturing techniques of the Iron Pot, some parts of the relic were gathered. After mounting, polishing and etching on the relic, analyzing the metal microstructure was conducted. Also it's conducted a SEM-EDS analysis on the nonmetallic inclusion. White iron structure was observed in the metallurgical structure inspection, SEM-EDS analysis. It seems to be dried slowly at room temperature after casting, doesn't look as particular heat treatment to improve brittleness. It is estimated that it's as the handle seam side were verified about 3cm inch wide, 1.5 thick in center of body, so 2 separate half-completed products was cast with width-type mould. The manufacturing techniques Using white cast iron structure, width-type mould are observable to the Iron Pot excavated from Sikrichong Ancient Tomb & Hwangnamdaechong grand Ancient Tomb around those were constructed the same time. It's able to recognize that it's almost identical manufacturing techniques at that time. Conservation is generically following those are survey of pretreatment, foreign material removal, stabilization, restoration and color matching in the order. cleaning & drying were added to the process as occasion demands. The strengthening treatment were difficult with artifact's volume, low concentration Paraloid NAD-10 solution was spread two or three times with a brush, surface hardening also came up with 15wt.% Paraloid NAD-10 solution after the conservation was complete. There were connection & restoration for the restoration to the damage after modeling forms that it's similar to damaged parts by using the Fiber Reinforced Plastic resins(POLYCOAT FH-245, mold laminated type). Throughout this research, capitalizing on accumulations of measurements about the production technique of Iron Pot in the time of the fifth and 6th centuries is no less important than the Iron artifact's conservation for a better study in the future.
Key Words: Cheonmachong Ancient Tomb, Iron Pot, Conservation, Metal organization, Manufacturing techniques

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